Two portraits of Frank Jay Haynes.
Born in Saline, Michigan, Haynes worked in 1874 in Ann Arbor and Wisconsin, and in 1875 at the "Temple of Photography" of a "Dr." William Lockwood. He opened his own studio the following year in Moorhead, Minnesota, and in 1879 when it became clear that Fargo would be the major area city, he shifted his main studio there while maintaining a branch in Moorhead. He had a knack for studio portraiture and this part of his business was successful right from the start. At the height of his career he had two "operators" in his Fargo establishment doing nothing but making portraits.
He was fortunate in striking a deal with the Northern Pacific Railroad to be their "Official Photographer." Its not entirely clear what this entailed, but it appears to have been completely symbiotic. Haynes mentioned at one time that he received "an annual emolument" from the railroad which probably gave him a sound financial foundation. In return, he certainly thoroughly covered the railroad's facilities such as bridges, yards, rolling stock, and company buildings and they used his images liberally in their advertising brochures. Haynes traveled through Oregon and Washington for the Northern Pacific and Yellowstone in the 1882-1883 taking a large number of views. He covered special events such as the tour of President Chester A. Arthur in 1883, and the formal completion of the railroad in the same year. He probably also had a similar deal with the Canadian Pacific Railroad, and issued a large group of images of the scenery along their western route.
Beginning in the early 1880s, Haynes worked in Yellowstone National Park, where after 1884 he was its official, though self-employed, photographer. He obtained a license to operate a photographic concession in Yellowstone at Mammoth Hot Springs. Haynes opened The Log Cabin Studio which served Yellowstone for many years selling photos to visiting tourists. He operated a railroad car gallery called Haynes Studio from 1885-1905. He moved his studio to St. Paul, Minnesota in 1889 and traveled throughout the West and Alaska earning the reputation as one of the West's finest early photographers.
In 1891 the Puget Sound & Alaska Steamship Co. commissioned Haynes to photograph the sea journey from Tacoma, Washington, to Glacier Bay, Alaska. These views are extremely rare. Haynes retired in 1916; his son Jack Ellis Haynes, also a photographer, eventually continued the family business.
This series appears to be Haynes' oldest Yellowstone set. Titles are shown in a black title stripe on the lower right side of the view. Numbering is from #1000 1111. Issued 1882-1883.
1038. CASTLE GEYSER FORMATION - UPPER BASIN.
The brown version of the Fargo D.T. series are quite a bit more scarce than their Yellow Mount counterparts. These also have the black title stripes. Due to the scarcity of these views, they were likely a high-end subset of the Yellow Mount set above. This set has an elaborate and detailed reverse, with many lines of text describing Yellowstone and the Northern Pacific Railroad.
1277 ABOVE THE BRIDGE AT GROTTO POOL.
The elaborate reverse of Haynes brown Dakota Territory mounts. These views are quite a bit more scarce than their yellow counterparts.
These tan / brown mount views are probably Haynes most common Cabinet sized Yellowstone mounts. There are two styles worth noting. The more common type has the title in a black stripe in the lower right corenr of the photo. The rarer version has the title in white lettering directly over the photograph itself in the lower right corner. Numbering of these views is staggered. Starting at #1000-1111 it repeats the Yellow Mount series. Then conintues with a new group of photos #1237-1313 (some numbers are white, directly over the photo)
A third and fourth high number series begins at #1393-1396 and #1908-1938 respectively. These all have the white letter titling. These were most likely set additions that added in successive years as Haynes built up his stock of negatives. Most likely issued 1884-1887.
1283 CAMPING ON YELLOWSTONE LAKE
1938 GIANT GEYSER INDICATOR
The "Yellowstone National Park" reverse. It appears on most, but not all, Haynes brown mount views.
The Orange Mount sets represents the largest and most comprehensive of Haynes Cabinet sized sets. They were also the latest. Probably issued 1886-1888. A catalog from 1887 offers all Orange Mount photos. Unfortunately, it seems that Haynes chose to discontinue many numbers from his previous Tan and yellow sets and as a result much of the Orange Mount numbering IS NOT sequential. Still it is the set that encompasses the most years of Haynes visits to the park.
There are two important types of Orange Mount Haynes views. First, is the Black Title Stripe View. They are numbered from #1000-1313, non-sequential. Second is the White Title directly over the photograph. Evidence suggests that this was a second, larger printing of the Black Title Orange Mount. Their numbering is as follows: #10001461 has non-sequential numbering. Numbers #17891814 and #19112020 are continuous and represent new series, probably shot in 1885 and 1886 respectively. An important part of these high numbers were the addition of Haynes winter expedition views. Numbered #2005-2016 they are some of Haynes most important photographs of Yellowstone.
1056. GROTTO GEYSER AND FORMATION.
1934. HELL'S HALF ACRE FIRE HOLE RIVER.
2005. HOTEL NORRIS IN WINTER.
Haynes light Green Mount Set was most likely a small subset of the Orange or Tan Mount sets seen above. In 1887, Haynes did offer a 36 view subset of Yellowstone scenery, and this may have been one of the styles offered.
1940. THE SPLENDID GEYSER IN ACTION.
This Northern Pacific Railroad Series showcased mostly President Arthur's journey west. It featured Montana and Wyoming scenery. Included were views of the Tetons and the southern border of Yellowstone.
1773. FIRST VIEW OF THE TETONS.
1743. INDIAN RECEPTION FOR PRESIDENT ARTHUR.
REVERSE STYLE FOR THE 1700 SERIES.
Haynes shift to regular sized, tan mounts in 1889 represented a change in style of Haynes stereoviews. This "look" would remain consistent for the remainder of Haynes career. The first two printings of the 4000 series have the Fargo, D.T. studio listed. Depending on the printing, the lines "Northern Pacific Scenery" and "Yellowstone Park Scenery" may be on alternate sides.
4540 FORDING RIVER GIBBON CANYON
The St. Paul issue of Haynes 4000 series is most confusing and there are quite a few variations. Listed below are some of the types of styles that exist. Haynes continued to add new photos and title variations to these views through 1905. An 1890 catalog shows views only as high as number 4624.
TYPE 1 - Northern Pacific Scenery/Yellowstone Park Scenery, St. Paul, MN
Tan Regular Mount #45014562 - (block letters no hyphen in titles)
TYPE 2 - Yellowstone Park Scenery/Northern Pacific Scenery, St. Paul, MN
Tan Regular Mount #45014562 - (block letters no hyphen in titles)
TYPE 3 - Northern Pacific Scenery/Yellowstone Park Scenery, St. Paul, MN
Tan Regular Mount #45014644 (title case hyphen in titles)
This style had at least 3 printings with different views, titles and numbering.
TYPE 4 - Yellowstone Park Scenery/Yellowstone Park Scenery, St. Paul, MN
Tan Regular Mount (title case hyphen or no hyphen in titles)
This was probably a "special" small set for sale in the park.
4502 STAGES LEAVING MAMMOTH HOTEL
4537-The New Crater, Norris Basin.
4546 Lone Star Geyser in Action.
1011. SPOKANE FALLS.